In sailing history, to manifest the spirit of adventure and go down in history among the people, almost no one can be compared with Sir Francis Chichester. From 1966 to 1967, he single sailing voyage around the world, the move marked route, and later generations of men and women athletes sailing guide the direction. He was used in navigation equipment including a sextant and a Rolex replica Oyster Perpetual certified chronometer watch.
Plymouth: the southwest wind, the sea calm. Sea conditions can be quite over, it is suitable for night descending on the British seaside town of the crowd, and that a much-anticipated meeting, remarkable sailors. This is a historic moment. Quarter of a million in the port surrounded for the triumphant return of the king of the sea of cheers. Looking at Plymouth Bay, more than three hundred vessels are siren whistle, we have to pay tribute. All eyes are eager to invest in the British gentleman who lean body. He is an off paint on a white sailboat deck calm calmly doing their own work. Ship sixteen meters of mahogany boat drove back from the sea, two masts proudly stands among mending sails many times. Turn right to seize the wheel, then aboard the brig into the wind. In this global travel in the end, exhausted gentleman who will figure four sails slowly down one by one. Navigation to this is finally over.
May 28, 1967, sailed back to the motherland port, Sir Francis Chichester became the world’s first full single person round about the earth from west to east, the way to stop only once. The voyage totaling more than 47,600 kilometers (29,600 miles), maritime sailing time was 226 days. He was the quickest to conquer the “Sea Everest” people. In bypassing the dangerous Cape Horn, he was 185 kilometers per hour (115 mph) winds shake, and 15 meters (50 feet) high waves wrestle. Basic navigation tools he uses include charts, a sextant, and a replica Rolex Oyster Perpetual watch type.
The British Antarctic Ocean Voyager via the famous cape of Good Hope Cape Horn, through the ancient high speed sailing course. He completed the distance in the time spent with the nineteenth century often through these waterways galleon time spent roughly equal, then they are transported galleon Australian wool, New Caledonia nickel ore and Chinese tea. Ship with eight crew theoretically designed brig “gypsy moth on the 4th” (Gipsy Moth IV), by Francis Chichester driving alone on board, but the ultimate achievement comparable to the more than fifty robust crew together with fast boats and fast four-masted brig.
Even more amazing is that repeatedly break the record at this time, Mr. aged 65 years. This sea adventure he finished alone, enough to make men half his age exhausted. Moreover, Francis Chichester learn sailing less than a decade.
Sir Francis is a successful self-made, have to get involved in almost all walks of life: from the real estate brokerage into pilots, from loggers into Voyager, and then became director of map production company, before sailing.
As early as eight years ago, he has defeated an effort that he killed the cancer. Endless thirst for adventure on his mind is an “uncontrollable impulse”, as if the Antarctic Ocean winds as strong, he decided to try to drive it as a voyage around the world.
Francis Chichester triumphant return after a few weeks, the Queen of his heroic achievements and awards him as Jazz, when knighted used the sword, it is 400 years ago privateer Francis Drake seafarers a closure that is used when the Jazz.
In Oyster Perpetual type wizard
Sir Francis Chichester seafarers not only of his generation the greatest one, is to open a new era of heroes. It is not yet sophisticated electronic products used in the era of sailing: GPS (Global Positioning System) satellite phone has not been born. Basically, the navigation can only rely on a sextant and a watch. Accurate, reliable, durable timing equipment is the key to success was to sail. Without these tools, Chichester tantamount boat blindfolded, unable to determine their exact location. Even in the vast sea front row, wearing a Rolex replica watches Oyster Perpetual watch, hand-held sextant Francis Chichester, can effectively confirm their position. In the actual voyage, navigators must be able to accurately read the time, usually to use the ship’s chart table marine chronometer. However, in the single-voyage, seafarers prefer to be able to read the time time players without leaving the cab (they use the sextant in the cab), and go to the cabin (see the time display of the marine chronometer), in order to avoid errors calculation of the bearing.
Francis Chichester chose sailing Rolex watch, which is a sign of truly professional seafarers, and not accidental. Prior to 1914, that is, his voyage around the world fifty years, the British Jiao Observatory (Kew Observatory) of the A-level first chronometer certificate awarded to a watch. That’s Rolex watch. This prestigious, demanding a certificate, it is extremely accurate proof, had been a monopoly of large marine chronometer, the certificate must be awarded through a number of extremely rigorous testing. After the success of Rolex, leaped into the largest certified chronometer watch manufacturers around the world, able to produce accurate enough to be a marine navigation instruments timepiece. Oyster waterproof case incomparably more reliable, can be called legendary for.
‘Driving’ gypsy moth on the 4th ‘Global navigation period, several times my Rolex replica watch from my wrist knocked, but had no damage. “In 1968, Chichester wrote in a letter, “I can not imagine what a timepiece can be more robust than it is. I only Rolex watch with a sextant when operating on the front deck, watch frequently been hit, the ship is also head into the waves mad splash, but it’s all on the watch, it was like innocuous thing. “commendation from the really reflects the low-key British cautious man.
Sir Francis Chichester wearing a Rolex Oyster Perpetual watch type, in a special way gracefully made history, such as that night in September, as usual in the morning as he shaved the beard and put on velvet tuxedo, holding a champagne in the central Atlantic, sixty-five to celebrate his birthday. Put it on his wrist watch Rolex is still a bird, even when the helm was frequently splashed seawater wet, reliable watch has never let him down.
Before GPS (Global Positioning System) invention, Chichester at sea need to determine when their location. Like many only means of knowledge of astronomy, Portuguese navigator, who studied the use of out method. One of the most important instruments include: sextant – navigators used it to measure the elevation of a star or planet with a horizon between to calculate latitude; marine chronometer – this time for precision measurement of longitude is indispensable tool.
Calculate latitude (north-south position)
Star on the horizon height varies due to different latitudes, respectively. Polaris with a sextant to measure the (northern hemisphere) or the Southern Cross (Southern Hemisphere) with respect to the altitude of the horizon, we can calculate the distance between the vessel and the equator, and then calculate the ship’s latitude.
From the Renaissance. Only latitude can be reliably measured. As longitude purely rely on estimates that there is often a fatal error, until man invented accurate and reliable timing tool, the situation was improving. In 1761, Englishman John Harrison produced the first marine chronometer, it was formally addresses the issue.
Calculate longitude (east-west position)
Measurement of longitude, is to calculate the difference between local time and the reference time. By convention, the reference time is the time after the UK Greenwich meridian ( “prime meridian”) at. Therefore, the board must have a marine chronometer, can accurately record the time at the prime meridian in Greenwich throughout the voyage. Longitude calculation principle is: the Earth one day complete rotation once every 24 hours that is rotated 360 degrees, or 15 degrees per hour (360 divided by 24). The sun in the sky moving at the same speed, which can measure the local time.
When the sun rises in Greenwich noon time when the zenith (highest point in the sky in the middle), each 15 degrees west, its position in the air on the lower, corresponding in time is GMT minus one hour. Every 15 degrees east is plus one hour. This form of our time difference (time zone). Navigator measuring the sun using a sextant in his home location when you have reached the zenith. If the marine chronometer accurate record of the prime meridian of Greenwich time, will be able to read the local time and the time control. The difference between the two time transforming into a degree of difference (15 degrees per hour), which can determine the distance and position of the east-west axis (longitude) on.